History Surveys

Descartes and Augustine by Stephen Menn

By Stephen Menn

This e-book is the 1st systematic learn of Descartes' courting to Augustine. It bargains a whole reevaluation of Descartes' concept and as such should be of significant value to all historians of medieval, neo-Platonic, or early sleek philosophy. certain positive aspects contain a analyzing of the Meditations, a complete old and philosophical creation to Augustine's idea, a close account of Plotinus, and a contextualization of Descartes' mature philosophical venture.

Show description

Read Online or Download Descartes and Augustine PDF

Best history & surveys books

Philosophy and Myth in Karl Marx

In Karl Marx's early writing (first made on hand a long time after his dying) his financial interpretation of heritage and his notion of communism have been set in a complete philosophical framework. Marx's major preoccupation at the present was once with guy estranged from himself in an alienated international: a subjective, virtually non secular topic.

Political Writings

The unique version of Kant: Political Writings used to be first released in 1970, and has lengthy been verified because the critical English-language version of this crucial physique of writing. during this new, increased variation vital texts illustrating Kant's view of heritage are incorporated for the 1st time, his experiences of Herder's rules at the Philosophy of the historical past of Mankind and Conjectures at the starting of Human historical past, in addition to the essay what's Orientation in pondering?

Rational and Social Agency: The Philosophy of Michael Bratman

Michael Bratman's paintings has been strangely influential, with value in disciplines as various as philosophy, laptop technological know-how, legislations, and primatology. this can be a choice of serious essays by way of a few of modern philosophy's so much unique figures, together with Margaret Gilbert, Richard Holton, Christine Korsgaard, Alfred Mele, Elijah Milgram, Kieran Setiya, Geoffrey Sayre-McCord, Scott Shapiro, Michael Smith, J.

Jacques Ranciè€re and the contemporary scene : the philosophy of radical equality

This booklet types the 1st serious examine of Jacques Rancires influence and contribution to modern theoretical and interdisciplinary reports. It showcases the paintings of top students in fields equivalent to political thought, background and aesthetic idea; every one of whom are uniquely located to interact with the newness of Rancires pondering inside of their respective fields.

Extra info for Descartes and Augustine

Sample text

4 But Augustine's deeper and more subtle contributions were not on matters of controversial theology. He had attempted to think through the Christian faith, to pass from faith to understanding, and thus to extract the intellectual content of the faith. 4 See Henricus Denzinger, Enchiridion Symbolorum, Definitionum et Declarationum de Rebus Fidei et Morum (Freiburg: Herder, 1937), article 173a, and following through article 200b. 22 DESCARTES PROJECT FOR A NEW PHILOSOPHY The body of philosophical doctrine that later thinkers will take to be axioms of all Christian philosophy is in fact (at least for the Latin West) the work of Augustine.

Thereupon, doubting whether he was dreaming or meditating, he awoke without emotion: and continued with open eyes the interpretation of his dream on the same idea. By the Poets gathered together in the Anthology he understood Revelation and Enthusiasm, with which he did not despair of seeing himself favored. By the piece of verse Est et Non, which is the Yes and No of Pythagoras, he understood Truth and Falsehood in human knowledge and the profane sciences. Seeing that the application of all these things would succeed so well on his behalf, he was bold enough to persuade himself that it was the Spirit of Truth who had wished to open the treasures [or treasuries] of all the sciences to him by this dream.

It would not be enough to criticize Aristotle; it was necessary to surpass him, and his achievement was vast. If some new philosophy were to replace Aristotle's, it would have to be at least as systematic and scientific, at least as compatible with Christianity, at least as practically productive for empirical research and for morality. Mersenne judged the available "new philosophies" by these standards, and not unreasonably found them wanting; he chose to remain with Aristotle for the time being, while continuing to encourage those who might turn out to be the new Christian Aristotle for the modern age.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.66 of 5 – based on 19 votes