Poetry

Critical Companion to T. S. Eliot: A Literary Reference to by Russell Elliott Murphy

By Russell Elliott Murphy

This quantity is part of evidence On File’s burgeoning serious better half sequence. Eliot has been essentially the most enigmatic yet enduring modernists because the book of the affection music of J. Alfred Prufrock in 1915. regardless of his quite spare overall output of labor, he continues to be well known between scholars and students. identified commonly as a poet of such lasting works as “The Waste Land” and 4 Quartets, in addition to “Prufrock,” he was once additionally a famous playwright (Murder within the Cathedral) and critic, publishing a couple of well-received and influential collections of literary essays. it is very important observe that this quantity isn't classified as an encyclopedia, for it doesn't easily include an alphabetical record of short entries. quite, it truly is divided into 4 rather built elements. the 1st is a biography of approximately 30 pages protecting Eliot’s upbringing, affects, non secular conversion, and marriages. the center of the paintings and through some distance its longest half is the second one part, prepared A–Z and containing distinct analyses of and statement on his works. half three specializes in figures, works, and destinations that had an enduring impression on Eliot. The final part encompasses a chronology and bibliography of resources by way of and approximately Eliot. The analyses within the moment half are really huge (entries on “The Waste Land” and 4 Quartets are 60 and forty four pages, respectively) but cogently written and straightforward to stick to. Many contain details at the ebook background of the paintings and information in knowing Eliot’s broad use of allusions. half three evidently enhances this part by means of delivering extra clarification of the affects on those works. Examples of themes right here comprise Catholicism, Dante Alighieri, Harvard, and Vers libre (free verse). total, this can be an exceptional and exhaustive source and an excellent purchase for many libraries. it may simply as correctly be put with the literary feedback as within the reference assortment. --Michael Tosko

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On the second anniversary of his death, amid great ceremony, a memorial plaque was also installed in his honor in Westminster Abbey, where England crowns her monarchs and honors her greatest poets. FURTHER READING Ackroyd, Peter. T. S. Eliot: A Life. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1984. Chiari, Joseph. T. S. Eliot: A Memoir. London: Enitharmon Press, 1982. Eliot, Valerie, ed. The Letters of T. S. Eliot. Vol. 1, 1898–1922. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1988. Giroux, Robert. ” Sewanee Review [Eliot issue] 74 (1966): 331–338.

He eventually took up residence, in 1946, with his old friend Hayward, who by now had been confined to a wheelchair by muscular dystrophy, in a spacious flat that permitted Eliot, for the first time in a long time, the twin benefits of privacy and routine as well as companionship. He would live there with Hayward for the next 11 years. In the same year, Eliot was also able to make the first of what would become more and more regular visits back to America, where he could renew again friendships cut off by the war, including with Emily Hale, and visit with family, particularly his brother, Henry, who was by now seriously ill.

He set about composing the third, “The Dry Salvages,” which had 24 Critical Companion to T. S. Eliot been titled originally simply “Dry Salvages,” during the rest of 1940, sending off a complete first draft to his friend and confidante John Hayward on New Year’s Day, 1941. The finished poem, which recalls his youthful summers on Massachusetts’s Cape Ann and pays homage, through the sea, to the element of water, would be first published in the New English Weekly in February 1941. All that remained now was for Eliot to complete the sequence with a fourth quartet, which he placed in Little Gidding, the site of a long-defunct religious community to whose remnant chapel Eliot had made a personal pilgrimage back in May 1936.

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