By Derek J. Paulsen Ph.D.
The shape and format of a outfitted setting has an important impact on crime through growing possibilities for it and, in flip, shaping group crime styles. potent city planners and architects will think about crime while making making plans and layout judgements. A co-publication with the yankee making plans organization, Crime and making plans: construction Socially Sustainable groups provides a accomplished dialogue of the interconnections among city making plans, legal victimization, and crime prevention.
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Additional info for Crime and Planning: Building Socially Sustainable Communities
67 While more likely an isolated incident than a trend of increasing crime, the Maryland instance encapsulates many of the fears that residents have about public transportation. 68 Fears generally fall into one of three categories: fear of crime at transit stations and stops, fear of crime on public transit, and fear of crime increasing in the neighborhood after building of transit lines. As a whole, these fears have a tremendous impact on the design and use of public transit and transitoriented design.
Poverty) causes crime at the neighborhood level. 15 Thus, factors such as poverty can best be described as necessary but not sufficient causes of high levels of crime at the neighborhood level. In contrast, ecological theorists look at the context of the location in which crime takes place and explain intracity crime variations as a result of spatial variations in criminal opportunities. 16 Routine activities and crime pattern theory are among the better known theories associated with ecological factors and have had a wide influence not only on criminological understanding but also crime prevention.
Although all cities have mechanisms in place for exemptions from zoning requirements, these processes can add significant time to development and are used by developers only in the direst cases. Most developers work within the rules of zoning rather than against them, leading to increased criminal opportunities being built into many developments by law. Guidance on how zoning regulations can be effectively employed to help reduce criminal victimization will be discussed more in Chapters 4 and 5.