By Im Sik Cho, Blaž Križnik
The ebook compares diverse ways to city improvement in Singapore and Seoul during the last a long time, via concentrating on group participation within the transformation of neighbourhoods and its impression at the outfitted surroundings and communal existence. Singapore and Seoul are recognized for his or her fast fiscal progress and urbanisation less than a powerful keep watch over of developmental nation long ago. although, those towns are at a serious crossroads of societal transformation, the place participatory and community-based city improvement is gaining significance. This new process may be visible due to a altering courting among the nation and civil society, the place an rising partnership among either goals to beat the constraints of past city improvement. The publication attracts awareness to the chances and demanding situations that those towns face whereas relocating in the direction of a extra inclusive and socially sustainable post-developmental urbanisation. via employing a comparative standpoint to appreciate the evolving city paradigms in Singapore and Seoul, this certain and well timed ebook deals insights for students, execs and scholars drawn to modern Asian urbanisation and its destiny trajectories.
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Extra resources for Community-Based Urban Development: Evolving Urban Paradigms in Singapore and Seoul
Kong (1994) and Mekani and Stengal (1995) have argued that in many public arenas in Singapore, the government ‘plays an inordinately large role in deﬁning the agenda and identifying and facilitating the implementation of the solutions, often, though not invariably, to good effect’ (cited in Perry et al. 1997, p. 221). To enable the comprehensive redevelopment of the city centre in the early years including clearance of slums and squatters, the Land Acquisition Act was introduced in 1966 to give the state the power to acquire and appropriate land that was privately owned on a compulsory basis for any public purpose.
In the 1960s and early 1970s, South Korea was under permanent threat of North Korean military provocations. North Korea used to be at that time economically more advanced and was in control of a superior military force. For President Park Chung-hee (cited in Shin 2006, p. ’ Such economic nationalism was also common in other developmental states. Yet, a strong commitment to rapid industrialisation and explicit nationalism as the key principles of legitimacy, were initially important for Park’s regime more than for any other, due to its illegal seize of power (Choi 2011).
While these changes in Hong Kong and Singapore took a slower pace and more modest scale, compared to South Korea or Taiwan, they have eventually also led to important institutional changes related to civic involvement in urban development (Perry et al. 1997; Soh and Yuen 2005). 1 Early Nation-Building in Singapore Since becoming an independent state in 1965, Singapore has overcome severe conditions and major challenges surrounding its rapid transformation, which remained as a continual threat to its survival.