Christianity: History, Belief, and Practice (The Britannica

Christianity is the most important of the world's religions, comprising approximately one-third of the human inhabitants. but it really is one of many nice traditions for extra purposes than its sheer variety of adherents. Christianity is without doubt one of the nice cultural in addition to non secular forces on this planet. Its impression on human background, no matter if optimistic or unfavorable, can't be underestimated or neglected, and a common expertise of its ideals and practices and of the context within which those emerged and constructed is a vital part of an realizing of worldwide affairs. This quantity provides a common define of the background of Christianity, of its ideals and practices and of its significant (and of many minor) branches.

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We must also remember that the imperial diet (Reichstag), like the diets of the hereditary lands, had to deal with the Austrian ruler in his capacity as emperor, whereas the Reichstag was superior to the estates in the Empire proper. Further, this discussion will not be able to ignore the emperor's court as an adversary of the estates in the Habsburg lands, both inside and outside the Empire, as well as of the imperial diet. Finally, we will look at the dynamic elements of the process by which the system of estates changed, taking account of the fact that influences proceeded in both directions.

Carsten drew attention to the role of the German diets in 1954, thus initiating a boom in research on the estates. Since then, a long debate has ensued. 8 Attempts to write a Whig history of Germany have not been successful, but the old yardstick which measured the achievements of the estates in terms of the creation of a modern state has been thoroughly revised. Older views of the development from estates to modern parliament thus also need to be differentiated. Above all, doubt has been cast upon the traditional dualistic model of prince versus estates, and more attention has been paid to the function of the estates within the total structure of the territory, which has opened up the way for more down-to-earth assessments.

4 Meanwhile the officials of the country, members of the estates headed by the Grand Burgrave ( Oberstburggraf, nejvyssf purkrabf) or a royal stadholder, ruled in Bohemia, intending as 'regents of the country' (Landesregenten) to establish a form of noble oligarchy. 5 Certainly it is the structural weakness of the Bohemian monarchy which explains the J agiellonian disinterest in Bohemia and the king's contemporary failure. 6 It had lost a majority of the old royal domain by usurpation and mortgaging during and after the Hussite revolution.

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