Chinggis Khan (Makers of the Muslim World) by Michal Biran

By Michal Biran

During this novel standpoint on a much-maligned determine, Michal Biran explains the enormous impression Chinggis Khan has had upon the Islamic global, either confident and damaging. frequently criticized as a mass-slaughterer, pillager, and arch-enemy of the religion, Biran exhibits that his positive impact upon Islam used to be additionally significant - his legacy obvious in vital Asia even this day. overlaying Chinggis Khan's early occupation, his conquests, the long-lasting strength of his descendents, and the varied methods he's provided in several Muslim contexts, this obtainable e-book presents a desirable perception into the most infamous males in history.

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Originally the iqta’ did not include governing functions, apart from the collection of taxes,and it was never meant to be hereditary, but as the power of the central government weakened, iqta’ holders became more independent, thereby contributing to the disintegration of the empire. 094 02/02/2007 4:20 PM Page 21 ASIA, THE STEPPE AND THE ISLAMIC WORLD 21 culture and eventually also contributed to their fall was that of the atabeg. This system functioned properly when the central government was strong, but as it weakened, the atabegs often deprived the princes of their authority and created their own dynasties.

Unifying Mongolia was a long and tortuous process, but Chinggis learnt its lessons. Determined to avoid the fluidity of the tribal alliances, he chose to devote a few years to creating a new, more centralized, structure for his state. This consolidation period established a firm infrastructure for his future conquests and rule. 094 02/02/2007 4:28 PM Page 47 3 WO R L D C O N QU E S T : H OW D I D HE DO IT? Never had anything like it been heard of. Even Alexander [The Great] who all sources agree in saying was the ruler of the world did not come to dominate it so rapidly, but needed ten years to do so; he did not kill anyone but was content with the submission of the people.

Chinggis decided that the feud between the shaman and his brother would be settled in a traditional wrestling match. According to his orders, however, his brother stationed three strong men outside the Khan’s tent, and before the match started they seized Teb Tengri and broke his spine. Chinggis declared that the shaman’s fate was the will of heaven. While he had appointed another shaman (of a smaller tribe) and continued to use the services of astrologers and diviners throughout his rule, by eliminating the noted shaman Chinggis Khan asserted not only the primacy of imperial power over that of the priests – as accepted in East Asian traditions – but also his close and personal relation to Heaven.

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