By Peter G. Danias
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) has turn into a necessary a part of noninvasive diagnostic cardiac imaging. a pragmatic consultant for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging offers a accomplished and reader-friendly academic device for physicians commencing to paintings with CMR and cardiology and radiology trainees getting ready for the Board certification exam. beautiful to trainees, this article conveys instructing issues with a number of selection questions which are supported via concise reviews, delivering an entire rationalization of the right kind resolution and pertinent up to date bibliography. circumstances tackle a wide spectrum of scientific difficulties, together with ischemic, valvular, myopathic, pericardial, aortic and congenital middle diseases.
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Additional info for Cardiovascular MRI: 150 Multiple-Choice Questions and Answers
There is no evidence of increased velocities (absence of signal void in the magnitude image at the left lower panel in Fig. 8) at the aortic root or the descending thoracic aorta to suggest the diagnoses of aortic stenosis and coarctation, respectively. 46 Cardiovascular MRI: 150 Multiple-Choice Questions and Answers 7. In a patient with atrioventricular septal defect (atrioventricular [AV] canal), which of the following statements is correct? A. The left-to-right flow through the defect can be calculated by measuring the flow in the ascending aorta and the left ventricular stroke volume B.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg, 2005;27(3):462– 466; discussion 467. 18. Nayak KS, Hu BS, and Nishimura DG. Rapid quantitation of high-speed flow jets. Magn Reson Med, 2003;50(2):366–372. 19. Waters EA, Caruthers SD, and Wickline SA. Correlation analysis of stenotic aortic valve flow patterns using phase contrast MRI. Ann Biomed Eng, 2005;33(7):878–887. 20. Hundley WG, Li HF, Willard JE, et al. Magnetic resonance imaging assessment of the severity of mitral regurgitation. Comparison with invasive techniques.
The flow analysis is displayed in the graph in Fig. 11. What is the most likely cause of the dyspnea? A. Severe mitral regurgitation B. Severe aortic regurgitation C. Mild aortic regurgitation D. Severe aortic and mitral valve regurgitation E. Mild aortic and mitral regurgitation 3 Valvular Heart Disease 51 Correct answer is B. The flow analysis at the aortic root demonstrates severe aortic regurgitation (Fig. 12, shaded grey area under the zero line, indicating backward flow) and a regurgitant fraction of 50%.