By Andrew Feenberg
The applied sciences, markets, and administrations of cutting-edge wisdom society are in quandary. we are facing habitual mess ups in each area: weather swap, strength shortages, fiscal meltdown. The procedure is damaged, regardless of every thing the technocrats declare to understand approximately technology, expertise, and economics. those difficulties are exacerbated through the truth that this present day strong applied sciences have unexpected results that disrupt daily life; the hot masters of expertise usually are not restricted by means of the classes of expertise, and speed up swap to the purpose the place society is in consistent turmoil. In among cause and adventure, major thinker of know-how Andrew Feenberg makes a case for the interdependence of reason--scientific wisdom, technical rationality--and event. Feenberg examines varied elements of the tangled dating among expertise and society from the point of view of severe concept of know-how, an process he has pioneered during the last two decades. Feenberg issues to 2 examples of democratic interventions into expertise: the web (in which person initiative has motivated layout) and the environmental stream (in which technology coordinates with protest and policy). He examines methodological purposes of severe concept of know-how to the case of the French Minitel computing community and to the dating among nationwide tradition and expertise in Japan. eventually, Feenberg considers the philosophies of know-how of Heidegger, Habermas, Latour, and Marcuse. The sluggish extension of democracy into the technical sphere, Feenberg argues, is likely one of the nice political modifications of our time.
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Additional info for Between reason and experience : essays in technology and modernity
This view, which no doubt has its source in a certain reading of Marx, is now part of the common sense of the social sciences (Miller 1984, 188–195). Following and in the next chapter, I will discuss one of its implications in detail: the supposed “trade-off” between prosperity and environmental values. These two theses of technological determinism present decontextualized, self-generating technology as the foundation of modern society. Determinism thus implies that our technology and its corresponding institutional structures are universal, indeed, planetary in scope.
Yet unlike science and mathematics, technology has immediate and powerful social impacts. It would seem that society’s fate is at least partially dependent on a nonsocial factor that inﬂuences it without suffering a reciprocal impact. ” A deterministic view of technology is commonplace in business and government, where it is often assumed that technical progress is an exogenous force inﬂuencing society rather than an expression of changes in culture and values. Dystopian visions of modernity are also deterministic.
But that is an idealistic solution in the bad sense and one that a generation of environmental activism decisively refutes. Democratic Rationalization 25 Confronted with this argument, Heidegger’s defenders usually point out that his critique of technology is not concerned merely with attitudes but with the way being “reveals” itself. Roughly translated out of Heidegger’s language, this means that the modern world has a technological form in something like the sense in which, for example, the medieval world had a religious form.