Between Cultural Diversity and Common Heritage: Legal and by Silvio Ferrari, Andrea Benzo

By Silvio Ferrari, Andrea Benzo

Going past the extra traditional specialise in Jerusalem as a sacred position, this booklet offers criminal views at the most crucial sacred areas of the Mediterranean. the 1st a part of the booklet discusses the suggestion of sacred locations in anthropological, sociological and felony experiences and gives an summary of current criminal ways to the safety of sacred areas for you to improve and outline a brand new criminal framework. the second one half introduces the that means of sacred locations in Jewish, Christian and Islamic inspiration and makes a speciality of the importance and function that sacred locations have within the 3 significant monotheistic religions and the way top to maintain their spiritual nature when designing a brand new overseas statute. the ultimate a part of the booklet is a close research of the felony prestige of key sacred locations and holy towns within the Mediterranean sector and identifies a collection of criminal ideas to help a basic framework in which particular criminal measures could be carried out. The ebook concludes with an invaluable appendix for the security of sacred areas within the Mediterranean sector. together with contributions from prime legislation and faith students, this attention-grabbing ebook might be worthy to these within the fields of foreign legislations, in addition to faith and background stories.

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Additional resources for Between Cultural Diversity and Common Heritage: Legal and Religious Perspectives on the Sacred Places of the Mediterranean

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Although it does not aim at replacing the UNESCO World Heritage Convention system, this has clearly been taken into account as a relevant model. In order to define a specific site as a sacred place, this draft makes reference to the fact that it is considered as such by history, or tradition or by the religious community (or communities) concerned. Whereas these communities can propose the inclusion of a certain site in the ‘Register of common heritage of mankind’ to the committee thereby established, a list of the most notable holy places in the Holy Land was to be added to the final version of the project, in order for them to enjoy the status granted by this regime once it entered into force, with no need for a proposal of inclusion.

46 Émile Durkheim, The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life (The Free Press 1967 [1912]) 62. 49 It seems evident that the variety of concerns and methods in the existing theological, anthropological and sociological approaches to sacred sites display characteristic interpretative and methodological ambiguities which arise out of the multiple religious, spiritual, social and political functions ascribed to them in human societies and cultures. This highlights the need for a more inter-disciplinary approach which may balance these perspectives and complement the existing and emerging legal discourses, initiatives and guidelines regarding sacred space and sites and give them extra dimension and depth.

These concepts of the ontologically sacred nature of the singled-out foremost holy sites of Palestine clearly contrasted with contemporaneous nonChristian attitudes to sacred sites, precincts and temples in the Graeco-Roman world, as exemplified and implemented by the last Roman pagan emperor, Julian the Apostate (361–63), during his campaigns to restore the prestige and vitality of paganism and reverse the tide of the Christianization of the empire. 31 Indicative of the dynamics of ritual space in Late Antiquity, including the question 28 See the analysis of Constantine the Great’s articulation of the newly evolving Christian attitudes to sites such as Jerusalem and Mamre as the primal and divinely instituted holy places and the dialectic of the concealment and revelation of their holiness, in Tanaseanu-Döbler, ‘Mircea Eliade and Concepts of Holy Places’, 285–90.

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