Islam

Authority in Islam: From the Rise of Muhammad to the by Hamid Dabashi

By Hamid Dabashi

From the origins of Muhammad's prophetic stream during the improvement of Islam's crucial branches to the institution of the Umayyad dynasty, the concept that of authority has been primary to Islamic civilization. by means of reading the character, association, and transformation of authority through the years, Dabashi conveys either continuities and disruptions inherent within the improvement of a brand new political tradition. it truly is this approach, he argues, that debts for the basic styles of authority in Islam that finally formed, in dialectical interplay with exterior old elements, the process Islamic civilization.

The ebook starts off via reading the relevant features of authority in pre-Islamic Arab society. Dabashi describes the imposition of the Muhammadan charismatic stream on pre-Islamic Arab tradition, tracing the alterations it brought within the cloth of pre-Islamic Arabia. He examines the continuities and adjustments that undefined, targeting the concept that of authority, and the formation of the Sunnite, Shiite, and Karajite branches of Islam as political expressions of deep cultural cleavages. For Dabashi, the formation of those branches used to be the inevitable end result of the conflict among pre-Islamic styles of authority and people of the Muhammadan charismatic move. In flip, they molded either the team spirit and the range of the rising Islamic tradition. Authority in Islam explains how this got here to be.

Dabashi employs Weber's suggestion of charismatic authority in describing Muhammad and his mode of authority as either a version and some degree of departure. His goal isn't to supply serious verification or competition to interpretation of historic occasions, yet to indicate a brand new method of the present literature. The ebook is a vital contribution to political sociology in addition to the research of Islamic tradition and civilization. Sociologists, political scientists, and heart japanese experts will locate this research of specific value.

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V. Kahin). " However, because of "the predominance of nomadism, . . it was usually the head of the family or tribe who offered sacrifices, after the manner of the patriarchs in the Old Testament, and in which frequent migrations prevented the establishment of an official form of worship and fixed places of worship. . " While the nomadic form of Arabian society prevented the office of the Kahin from being developed into an organized established priesthood, the advent of Islam aborted its further development.

Considering the Muhammadan movement as a social rebellion against an "unjust" system is an anachronistic reading of the phenomenon. The fundamental reorientation of pre-Islamic Arab culture by and through Muhammad's revolution was plausibly much more pervasive and comprehensive than a singular, monocausal and unidirectional approach would render it. Specific and even pervasive modifications within Arab society could have been, and in fact were, realized—in economic, social, political, and religious domains—without a cataclysmic revolution essentially and organizationally changing its cultural identity.

At the bottom of the social structure, as the counterpart of the pariah in the Indian caste system, were the qinn and their offspring, the muwalladun (Lammens 1924, 237). Captured in war or purchased at the market, the qinn provided menial services to their masters. A set of normative behaviors governed the master-slave relationships. A slave could purchase his freedom. On the other hand, through the religious practice of sadaqah, masters freed slaves on a regular basis. Sadaqah, which was later extended into the Islamic religious culture, was on oath through which an individual pledged to do a certain Traditional Arab Authority 23 thing, such as free a number of slaves, as an expression of his prosperity.

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