By Hamid Dabashi
From the origins of Muhammad's prophetic stream during the improvement of Islam's crucial branches to the institution of the Umayyad dynasty, the concept that of authority has been primary to Islamic civilization. by means of reading the character, association, and transformation of authority through the years, Dabashi conveys either continuities and disruptions inherent within the improvement of a brand new political tradition. it truly is this approach, he argues, that debts for the basic styles of authority in Islam that finally formed, in dialectical interplay with exterior old elements, the process Islamic civilization.
The ebook starts off via reading the relevant features of authority in pre-Islamic Arab society. Dabashi describes the imposition of the Muhammadan charismatic stream on pre-Islamic Arab tradition, tracing the alterations it brought within the cloth of pre-Islamic Arabia. He examines the continuities and adjustments that undefined, targeting the concept that of authority, and the formation of the Sunnite, Shiite, and Karajite branches of Islam as political expressions of deep cultural cleavages. For Dabashi, the formation of those branches used to be the inevitable end result of the conflict among pre-Islamic styles of authority and people of the Muhammadan charismatic move. In flip, they molded either the team spirit and the range of the rising Islamic tradition. Authority in Islam explains how this got here to be.
Dabashi employs Weber's suggestion of charismatic authority in describing Muhammad and his mode of authority as either a version and some degree of departure. His goal isn't to supply serious verification or competition to interpretation of historic occasions, yet to indicate a brand new method of the present literature. The ebook is a vital contribution to political sociology in addition to the research of Islamic tradition and civilization. Sociologists, political scientists, and heart japanese experts will locate this research of specific value.
Read or Download Authority in Islam: From the Rise of Muhammad to the Establishment of the Umayyads PDF
Similar islam books
Today’s Arab global used to be created at breathtaking pace. in precisely over 100 years following the loss of life of Mohammed in 632, Arabs had subjugated a territory with an east-west expanse more than the Roman Empire, and so they did it in approximately one-half the time. through the mid-eighth century, Arab armies had conquered the thousand-year-old Persian Empire, lowered the Byzantine Empire to little greater than a city-state established round Constantinople, and destroyed the Visigoth nation of Spain.
Keep watch over and Subversion makes a big contribution to the examine of Muslim societies generally, whereas additionally being a distinct examine of a overlooked zone – post-Soviet Tajikistan – a rustic gaining expanding value within the overseas enviornment of vital Asia. The booklet provides an intimate view of this society, informed via ethnographically amassed existence histories, surprisingly together with men’s in addition to women’s.
Translated through Alexander D. Knysh
The writer of the Epistle on Sufism, Abu'l-Qasim al-Qushayri (376-465 H / 986-1074 CE), used to be a recognized Sunni Shafi'i Ash'ari student and mystic (Sufi) from Khurasan in Iran. His Epistle is likely one of the most well-liked Sufi guide ever. Written in 437 H / 1045 CE, it has served as a prime textbook for plenty of generations of Sufi newcomers all the way down to the current. al-Qushayri has given us an illuminating perception into the standard lives of Sufi devotees of the 8th to 11th centuries CE and the ethical and moral dilemmas they have been dealing with in attempting to strike a fragile stability among their ascetic and mystical convictions and the exigencies of existence in a society ruled through rank, wealth, and armed forces energy. In al-Qushayri's narrative, the Sufi 'friends of God' (awliya') are depicted because the precise, if uncrowned, 'kings' of this global, now not these worldly rulers who seem to be lording it over the typical herd of believers. but, even the main complicated Sufi masters aren't take salvation with no consideration. Miracle-working, irrespective of how astounding, can't warrantly the Sufi a 'favorite end result' within the afterlife, for it can be yet a ruse at the a part of God who desires to try the ethical integrity of his servant. within the Epistle, those and plenty of different Sufi motifs are illustrated through the anecdotes and parables that express al-Qushayri's fellow Sufis in a wide selection of contexts: being affected by starvation and thirst within the desolate tract, whereas acting pilgrimage to Makkah, partaking in 'spiritual auditions', reciting the Qur'an, waging struggle opposed to the 'infidel' enemy and their very own wishes, incomes their livelihood, meditating in a retreat, praying, operating miracles, interacting with the 'people of the market-place', their kin and friends, dreaming, and loss of life.
- Religious Fundamentalism
- Beyond the Quran: Early Ismaili ta’wil and the Secrets of the Prophets
- An Introduction to Shi`i Islam: The History and Doctrines of Twelver Shi`ism
- Time in the Life of a Muslim
Extra resources for Authority in Islam: From the Rise of Muhammad to the Establishment of the Umayyads
V. Kahin). " However, because of "the predominance of nomadism, . . it was usually the head of the family or tribe who offered sacrifices, after the manner of the patriarchs in the Old Testament, and in which frequent migrations prevented the establishment of an official form of worship and fixed places of worship. . " While the nomadic form of Arabian society prevented the office of the Kahin from being developed into an organized established priesthood, the advent of Islam aborted its further development.
Considering the Muhammadan movement as a social rebellion against an "unjust" system is an anachronistic reading of the phenomenon. The fundamental reorientation of pre-Islamic Arab culture by and through Muhammad's revolution was plausibly much more pervasive and comprehensive than a singular, monocausal and unidirectional approach would render it. Specific and even pervasive modifications within Arab society could have been, and in fact were, realized—in economic, social, political, and religious domains—without a cataclysmic revolution essentially and organizationally changing its cultural identity.
At the bottom of the social structure, as the counterpart of the pariah in the Indian caste system, were the qinn and their offspring, the muwalladun (Lammens 1924, 237). Captured in war or purchased at the market, the qinn provided menial services to their masters. A set of normative behaviors governed the master-slave relationships. A slave could purchase his freedom. On the other hand, through the religious practice of sadaqah, masters freed slaves on a regular basis. Sadaqah, which was later extended into the Islamic religious culture, was on oath through which an individual pledged to do a certain Traditional Arab Authority 23 thing, such as free a number of slaves, as an expression of his prosperity.