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Aristotle's Theory of Substance: The Categories and by Michael V. Wedin

By Michael V. Wedin

Michael Wedin argues opposed to the present suggestion that Aristotle's perspectives at the nature of fact are essentially inconsistent. in keeping with Wedin's new interpretation, the adaptation among the early conception of the Categories and the later conception of the Metaphysics displays the truth that Aristotle is engaged in relatively diversified tasks within the works--the prior targeting ontology, and the afterward explanation.

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Is asked of anything and everything. ” and get man and press the question until it terminates in the category term substance. ” with doing. As Ackrill (1963: 79) puts it, the second way “may be said to classify subject-expressions . . whereas . . [the first way] classified predicate expressions . . ” Of course, Ackrill is right on the last point. So what ought to be said is that Aristotle classifies things by means of language. ” question allows for answers that will block rather than build the system of categories.

1). 30 THE PLAN OF THE CATEGORIES 4. s is M & M is A→ s is A, is licensed only if 4a. ‘A’ has the same sense in ‘s is A’ and ‘M is A’. The trouble comes when the licensing requirement is extended to TR. Extended it must be, since TR can take individuals from their 0-level synonymy groups to their appropriate categories only if 5. s is M & . . & M is substance→ s is substance holds, and this inference presupposes 5a. ‘Substance’ has the same sense in ‘s is substance’ and ‘M is substance’. But according to Owen, (5a) is false and, thus, TR is not entitled to the inference in (5).

If TR were simply a transitivity principle for the said-of relation, then it would appear that Aristotle fails to distinguish between the relation of an individual to its species and that of a species to its genus. 43 On this reading,‘Y is predicated of X as of a subject’ does not simply mean the same as ‘Y is said-of X’. Hence, different modes of predication might be thought to be covered by it—in particular, homonymous and paronymous predication as well as synonymous predication. This, in turn, might be taken to suggest that TR itself can serve as a ladder principle for any individuals, including those in paronymy or homonymy groups.

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