By Otfried Hoffe
A person attracted to theories of ethical or human perform will locate in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics one of many few simple types proper via to this day. on the centre of his research, either sober and wary, are such ideas as happiness, advantage, selection, prudence, incontinence, excitement and friendship. Aristotle's arguments are under no circumstances of in basic terms ancient curiosity, yet proceed to exert a key effect on present-day moral debate. The 13 contributions during this quantity current the principles of Aristotle's research, besides the trendy heritage of its reception.
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Additional info for Aristotle's "Nicomachean ethics"
A non-participating observer, but rather engaged in his own person. References Anagnostopoulos, G. , Aristotle on the Goals and the Exactness of Ethics, Berkeley. Aubenque, P. , “Politique et éthique chez Aristote”, in Ktema , –. Barnes, J. , “Aristotle and the Methods of Ethics”, in Revue Internationale de Philosophie , –. Bien, G. , Die Grundlegung der politischen Philosophie bei Aristoteles, Frankfurt a. M. , , Ethics with Aristotle, Oxford. Höffe, O. , Praktische Philosophie—Das Modell des Aristoteles, Salzburg / Munich (2Berlin ).
Höffe , ch. ) The second excursus on method tells against this view, as here Aristotle explicitly makes the claim of a study of principles. ). , a–b). Aristotle applies the same distinction in the theoretical disciplines (cf. ). And the two things, both practical and theoretical philosophy, make use in the first instance of the ascending study of principles, beginning with “things evident to us” and moving from there towards what is “known in itself ”, the principles. Valid too, not only for practical but equally for theoretical philosophy, is the methodological indication in the discourse on akrasia, which can be otfried höffe read as an explanation of the ascending investigation of principles (cf.
Here it is not the statement that is poorer in premises that is given superior rank, but rather the “more substantial” one, which is richer in premises for this purpose. The statements on sophia display differences internal to theory, whereas our excursus on method involves a difference between theory and practice; in the one case the distinctions are within the universal, in the other the difference from the universal of ethics to the individual who ultimately decides in ethical practice. ethics as practical philosophy .