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Aristotle and Menander on the Ethics of Understanding by Valeria Cinaglia

By Valeria Cinaglia

In Aristotle and Menander at the Ethics of Understanding, Valeria Cinaglia deals a parallel examine of Menander's New Comedy and Aristotle's philosophy concentrating on topics starting from epistemology and psychology to ethics. Cinaglia doesn't target to illustrate the direct philosophical impression of Aristotle on Menander, yet explores the speculation that there are major analogies among the 2 that reveal a shared thought-world. Cinaglia exhibits that Aristotle and Menander provide analogous perspectives of how that perceptions and emotional responses to occasions are associated with the presence or absence of moral and cognitive figuring out, or the nation of moral personality improvement: the learn of those analogies contributes to a deeper knowing of either frameworks concerned.

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Habrotonon, after having considered all the circumstances, seeks a proof that could validate her reasoning. 48 2 Notes on Recognition in Euripides’ Electra If we look at the structure and themes of Epitrepontes, it might be possible to argue that Menander is simply reformulating typical tragic topoi in a comic style. 49 As in Aeschylus’ Choephoroi,50 the Old Man offers Electra three signs to prove that Orestes is the visitor who has come to Agamemnon’s grave: the lock of hair matching Electra’s hair, the footprints matching those of Electra, and Orestes’ 46 47 48 49 50 Ireland 1983, p.

An intellectually virtuous person would be one who has achieved a stable disposition that enables him or her12 to be successful in finding the truth. 13 Intellectual virtue depends on our knowing something properly because we do not just believe it on the basis of mere experience or hearsay but we also understand the cause of it and use the best possible reasoning to grasp its truth. This approach suits an epistemology which is person-based instead of beliefbased: to find out the truth we not only need a set of justifiable beliefs; we need to be the kind of person that is able to formulate them in the best possible way and to give an explanatory, comprehensive account of them.

Men. Epitr. 516–519. Men. Epitr. 536–538. 34 chapter 2 Pamphile: Lady, tell me, where did you find the baby? Habrotonon: Do you see something, dearest, some symbol of recognition [among the things] that this child has? 37 Habrotonon recognises Pamphile and seeks a proof of her identity showing her the child and asking her specific questions: she asks whether Pamphile has recognised something familiar looking at the child Habrotonon is holding. Pamphile, having seen the child and his tokens of recognition, recognises her son and her guess is immediately confirmed by Habrotonon.

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