By Martin Kramer
Publish yr note: First released in 2008
Over the prior decade, the political floor underneath the center East has shifted. Arab nationalism the political orthodoxy for many of this century has misplaced its grip at the mind's eye and allegiance of a brand new iteration. whilst, Islam as an ideology has unfold around the sector, and "Islamists" bid to trap the guts of politics. so much Western students and specialists as soon as hailed the redemptive energy of Arabism. Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival is a serious overview of the contradictions of Arab nationalism and Islamic fundamentalism, and the misrepresentation of either within the West.
The first a part of the ebook argues that Arab nationalism--the so-called Arab awakening--bore inside it the seeds of its personal failure. Arabism as an concept drew upon international assets and assets. whilst it claimed to free up the Arabs from imperialism it deepened highbrow dependence upon the West's personal romanticism and radicalism. finally, Arab nationalism turned a strength of oppression instead of liberation, and a reflect photograph of the imperialism it defied. Kramer's essays jointly shape the single chronological telling and the at totally documented postmortem of Arabism. the second one a part of the e-book examines the same failings of Islamism, whose rules are Islamic reworkings of Western ideological radicalism. Its influence has been to offer new existence to outdated rationales for oppression, authoritarianism, and sectarian division.
Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival presents another view of a century of heart japanese heritage. because the sector strikes fitfully previous ideology, Kramer's viewpoint is extra compelling than at any time within the past-in Western academe at the very least between many within the heart. This e-book might be of curiosity to sociologists, political scientists, economists, and center East experts.
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Additional info for Arab Awakening & Islamic Revival: The Politics of Ideas in the Middle East (Middle East in Transition)
In the void left by Arab nationalism after 1967, two ideas of community thus competed for primacy. On the one side stood those who argued that the inhabitants of any one state constituted a distinct people in a political sense. Regimes championed this idea, for it legitimized their claim to act solely in the interests of the state—identified increasingly with one ruling group or one ruler. On the other side stood those who believed that all Muslims constituted a universal political community, standing above any narrower political authority.
Iraq’s ruler has held sway over the country for twenty-two years, the last fourteen as president. The emir of Kuwait has reigned for fifteen years, the king of Saudi Arabia for eleven years. Egypt’s president has held office for twelve years. Not one of these states could be categorized as a democracy, although after 1967 they laid unprecedented claims to the loyalty of their citizens and subjects, and intruded upon virtually every aspect of society. Only Lebanon, the perennial exception, proved incapable of enhancing its legitimacy and its power over society after 1967.
Arab Revolution Arab Nationalism: Mistaken Identity 31 The rhetorical gap turned into a chasm in 1948, after the United Nations authorized the partition of Palestine into two states, one Jewish and one Arab. When the neighboring Arab states moved against Israel in 1948, they claimed to be fighting in concert, to uphold their brotherly commitment to the Arabs of Palestine. In fact they did just the opposite: each waged its own war to defend its own interests, each sought a separate modus vivendi with Israel.