American Armies and Battlefields in Europe by U.S. Army Center of Military History

By U.S. Army Center of Military History

American Armies and Battlefields in Europe, a facsimile variation to commemorate the seventy-fifth birthday of the yank Expeditionary Forces, is a different quantity that captures the AEF's classes of conflict in the course of global battle I. in line with the sequence of battlefield excursions performed for employees officials at common John J. Pershing's headquarters, the operational chapters describe the army scenario, giving distinctive bills of tangible struggling with supported via maps and sketches, and a precis of occasions and repair of strive against divisions. Topical chapters at the providers of offer, the U.S. army, army cemeteries and memorials, and different fascinating and necessary proof finish the narrative. For students and scholars of the nice struggle, in addition to veterans and their descendants wishing to discover conflict websites of some time past, this guidebook is still the main authoritative and simply usable resource for viewers to the AEF's battlefields. the yank conflict Monuments fee, a small self sustaining corporation tested via Congress in 1923 on the request of normal John J. Pershing, is the parent of America's abroad commemorative cemeteries and memorials. Its challenge is to honor the provider, achievements, and sacrifice of the USA defense force.

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On August 4 the 32d captured Fismes, on the south bank of the Vesle. During the next few days the 4th and 32d Divisions and the 6th Infantry Brigade of the 3d, which had entered the line to the right of the 32d, made deter mined attempts to establish bridgeheads nor th of the r ive r. O n A u g u s t 7 t h e 3 2 d D iv i s i o n wa s r e l i eve d by t h e 2 8 t h . I t h a d a d vanced 11 miles and lost almost 3,800 men. The 6th Inf antr y Brigade of the 3d Division was relieved on August 11, its losses having been approximately 600.

The Commander-in-Chief, having foreseen that a considerable part of the artillery, air planes and tanks necessary for a large force could not be obtained from American sources for some time to come, had made arrangements to purchase large quantities of them from the Allies. The wisdom of this is evident when it is con- 19 sidered that, except for four 14-inch naval guns on railway mounts, the American First Army throughout its entire service on the front did not f ire an Americanmade cannon or shell, and that no American-made tank was ever available in Europe for use in battle.

The Allied Commander-in-Chief approved the idea of such an attack b ut felt that he was not yet ready to assume the offensive. The German High Command also r e a l ized the dangerous position of its Vincelles on the Marne Under French Artillery Fire, June 1918. © G German Reserves Advancing Close Behind the Assault Line at Chavignon, May 1918 © G German Troops Just Before an Assault Near Fismes, on Terrain Untouched by the War, May 1918. © G Germans With a Trainload of Provisions Which Were Left by the French South of the Aisne, May 1918 © G Part of a German Barge Battery of Heavy Artillery Firing on the Western Front, May 1918.

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