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al-Qushayri’s Epistle on Sufism: al-Risala al-Qushayriyya fi by Abu 'l-Qasim Al-Qushayri, Alexander Knysh

By Abu 'l-Qasim Al-Qushayri, Alexander Knysh

Translated by means of Alexander D. Knysh

The writer of the Epistle on Sufism, Abu'l-Qasim al-Qushayri (376-465 H / 986-1074 CE), was once a recognized Sunni Shafi'i Ash'ari pupil and mystic (Sufi) from Khurasan in Iran. His Epistle is without doubt one of the most well liked Sufi guide ever. Written in 437 H / 1045 CE, it has served as a first-rate textbook for lots of generations of Sufi rookies all the way down to the current. al-Qushayri has given us an illuminating perception into the typical lives of Sufi devotees of the 8th to 11th centuries CE and the ethical and moral dilemmas they have been dealing with in attempting to strike a fragile stability among their ascetic and mystical convictions and the exigencies of existence in a society ruled by way of rank, wealth, and armed forces strength. In al-Qushayri's narrative, the Sufi 'friends of God' (awliya') are depicted because the real, if uncrowned, 'kings' of this international, now not these worldly rulers who seem to be lording it over the typical herd of believers. but, even the main complicated Sufi masters are usually not take salvation without any consideration. Miracle-working, irrespective of how remarkable, can't warrantly the Sufi a 'favorite end result' within the afterlife, for it can be yet a ruse at the a part of God who desires to attempt the ethical integrity of his servant. within the Epistle, those and lots of different Sufi motifs are illustrated via the anecdotes and parables that exhibit al-Qushayri's fellow Sufis in a wide selection of contexts: being affected by starvation and thirst within the wasteland, whereas acting pilgrimage to Makkah, engaging in 'spiritual auditions', reciting the Qur'an, waging battle opposed to the 'infidel' enemy and their very own wants, incomes their livelihood, meditating in a retreat, praying, operating miracles, interacting with the 'people of the market-place', their family and friends, dreaming, and death.

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al-Qushayri’s Epistle on Sufism: al-Risala al-Qushayriyya fi Ilm al-Tasawwuf

Translated by way of Alexander D. Knysh

The writer of the Epistle on Sufism, Abu'l-Qasim al-Qushayri (376-465 H / 986-1074 CE), used to be a well-known Sunni Shafi'i Ash'ari student and mystic (Sufi) from Khurasan in Iran. His Epistle is likely one of the most well liked Sufi guide ever. Written in 437 H / 1045 CE, it has served as a chief textbook for lots of generations of Sufi rookies right down to the current. al-Qushayri has given us an illuminating perception into the standard lives of Sufi devotees of the 8th to 11th centuries CE and the ethical and moral dilemmas they have been dealing with in attempting to strike a fragile stability among their ascetic and mystical convictions and the exigencies of existence in a society ruled by way of rank, wealth, and army energy. In al-Qushayri's narrative, the Sufi 'friends of God' (awliya') are depicted because the precise, if uncrowned, 'kings' of this international, now not these worldly rulers who seem to be lording it over the typical herd of believers. but, even the main complex Sufi masters usually are not take salvation with no consideration. Miracle-working, irrespective of how fabulous, can't warrantly the Sufi a 'favorite consequence' within the afterlife, for it can be yet a ruse at the a part of God who desires to try out the ethical integrity of his servant. within the Epistle, those and plenty of different Sufi motifs are illustrated by way of the anecdotes and parables that convey al-Qushayri's fellow Sufis in a large choice of contexts: being affected by starvation and thirst within the wilderness, whereas appearing pilgrimage to Makkah, engaging in 'spiritual auditions', reciting the Qur'an, waging conflict opposed to the 'infidel' enemy and their very own wants, incomes their livelihood, meditating in a retreat, praying, operating miracles, interacting with the 'people of the market-place', their family and friends, dreaming, and demise.

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Shaqiq asked him: “Where does your liveliness come from? ” The slave boy said: “What is this to me? ” Shaqiq took heed and said: “So, his master has a village, and his master is but a poor creature. And yet he [the slave boy] is not concerned about his livelihood. ” I heard Shaykh Abu ∏Abd al-Rahman al-Sulami – may God have mercy on him – say: I heard Abu πl-Husayn b. Ahmad al-∏Attar al-Balkhi say: I heard Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Bukhari say: Hatim al-Asamm said: “Shaqiq b. 96 At that time, ∏Ali b.

Khadrawayh (Khidruya) say: Ibrahim b. Adham said to a man who was performing a circumambulation [of the Ka∏ba]: “Know that you will not attain the rank of the righteous until you have climbed six mountain peaks. First, you must shut the door of pleasant life and open the door of hardship. Second, you must shut the door of [self-]glorification and open the door of humility. Third, you must shut the door of quiet and open the door of self-exertion. Fourth, you must shut the door of sleep and open the door of vigil.

Muhammad, Abu Muhammad Ruwaym, Abu πl-∏Abbas b. ∏Ataπ and ∏Amr b. ∏Uthman al-Makki. ” I heard Abu ∏Abd al-Rahman al-Sulami – may God have mercy on him – say: I heard ∏Abdallah b. ” It is related that al-Junayd said: “Once I saw al-Harith al-Muhasibi passing by. ’ He agreed. I entered the house and searched for something to feed him with. At that time, there was in the house some food that was brought to me from a wedding party. So, I took this food and gave it to him. He took a morsel of the food and rolled it in his mouth [with the tongue] several times, then he stood up, threw it into the corridor, and left.

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