Islam

After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors by Said Amir Arjomand

By Said Amir Arjomand

A accomplished analytical view of Iran within the final 20 years, masking the advance of theocratic govt, stumbling blocks to democratization and hardliners' international coverage and nearby ambitions

Written via the writer of The Turban for the Crown

A new conception of the innovative approach and post-revolutionary reconstruction advised through the Iranian case

For many american citizens, Iran is our most deadly enemy--part of George W. Bush's "axis of evil" even earlier than the looks of Ahmadinejad. yet what's the truth? How did Ahmadinejad upward push to strength, and what sort of strength does he fairly have? What are the possibilities of normalizing family with Iran?

In After Khomeini, Saïd Amir Arjomand paints a refined and perceptive portrait of up to date Iran. This paintings, a sequel to Arjomand's acclaimed The Turban for the Crown, examines Iran lower than the successors of Ayatollah Khomeini as much as the current day. He starts, because the Islamic Republic did, with Khomeini, providing a super tablet biography of the fellow who masterminded the revolution that overthrew the Shah. Arjomand attracts transparent differences among the moderates of the preliminary word of the revolution, radicals, pragmatists, and hardliners, the latter most sensible exemplified via Mahmud Ahmadinejad. Taking a chronological and thematic technique, he lines the emergence and consolidation of the current procedure of collective rule by way of clerical councils and the peaceable transition to twin management through the ayatollah because the ultimate consultant and the subordinate president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He explains the inner political quarrels between Khomeini's heirs as a fight over his progressive legacy. And he outlines how the ruling clerical elite and the nation's safety forces are interdependent politically and economically, speculating at the power destiny position of the innovative Guards. Bringing the paintings as much as present political occasions, Arjomand analyzes Iran's international coverage in addition, together with the influence of the autumn of Communism on Iran and Ahmadinejad's nuclear policy.

Few international locations loom better in American overseas kinfolk than Iran. during this wealthy and insightful account, knowledgeable on Iranian society and politics untangles the complexities of a state nonetheless driving the turbulent wake of 1 of history's nice revolutions.

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With his Islamic revolution much more secure, Khomeini decided it would be a mistake to leave constitution making to the lay intellectuals. At the end of June, he told the clerics, “This right belongs to you. It is those knowledgeable in Islam who may express an opinion on the law of Islam. The constitution of the Islamic republic means the constitution of Islam. Don’t sit back while foreignized intellectuals . . ”45 At the onset of the revolution, Provisional Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan had extracted the promise of a constituent assembly for making the constitution of the new state.

Early on, Khomeini had affirmed that “I and other clerics will not hold a position in the future government . . ”65 He restrained his politically ambitious clerical lieutenants from running for presidency, and the first two Presidents were consequently laymen. But the assassination of some prominent clerics by the Mojahedin-e Khalq and other radical Islamic groups during the revolutionary power struggle of the first two years made Khomeini change his mind. He admitted to having asked “the clergy to attend to their spiritual and guiding role after the revolution.

15 Thus, in the early 1960s, Khomeini set out to create, in contradistinction to the nationalist and the socialist political parties, a traditionalist political movement which was to be led by the hierocracy as the guardians of the Shi’ite tradition. Khomeini first appeared on the national political scene in 1963 as an outspoken critic of the Shah and his reform program. He was imprisoned, and after violent suppression of demonstrations by his supporters, exiled to Turkey, and then moved on to the Shi’ite holy city of Najaf in Iraq.

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