Security

Afghanistan's Local War: Building Local Defense Forces by Seth G. Jones

By Seth G. Jones

In Afghanistan, neighborhood groups have performed a severe function in protection, specifically in rural components. Afghan nationwide safeguard forces are very important to the top-down technique, however the Afghan executive and NATO forces additionally have to leverage neighborhood groups to realize a complementary bottom-up approach. This research discusses the viability of building neighborhood safety forces in Afghanistan and addresses matters in regards to the knowledge of such rules.

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This chapter briefly examines the use of local forces since 1880. We argue that local forces have been most effective in establishing order when the central government remains the preponderant power (including national security forces); when local forces are developed through legitimate local institutions, such as jirgas and shuras; when the forces remain small and defensive; and when a quick-reaction force is available that can respond to an attack from insurgents or other outside forces. 1 briefly summarizes some local forces since 1880 in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Chagha is also the word for the drum that is used to inform the people of the need to organize and to drive off invaders. Chalweshtai—This force is larger than a tsalweshtai. Young men from each family volunteer to implement jirga or shura decisions that may involve warfare, jihad, or even self-help projects. As with the arbakai, the actions of the chalweshtai are sanctioned by the community elders. While a chalweshtai may engage in community projects, such as digging a canal or building a dam, the more common employment is in crime prevention on roads they are assigned to police.

The Haqqani network has also co-opted a range of kuchis, nomadic tribes, in Paktia and Khowst, and developed a close relationship with Mullah Nazir’s group across the border in Pakistan, which has a significant support base among the Kaka Khel subtribe of the Ahmadzai Waziris. 26 23 Gretchen Peters, Seeds of Terror: How Heroin Is Bankrolling the Taliban and al Qaeda, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2009; Thomas H. Johnson, “Financing Afghan Terrorism: Thugs, Drugs, and Creative Movements of Money,” in Jeanne K.

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